Answered By: Regan Brumagen Last Updated: Jul 19, 2016 Views: 7
The Schott guide says that the process of creating tempered glass is actually called thermal or physical toughening of the glass.
"..pre-cut pieces of flat glass are vertically suspended above or placed horizontally into processing equipement where they are quickly heated to about 150C above the transformation temperature. Immediately upon exiting from the furnace, the glass is chilled with cold air from an appropriately designed system of air jets. As a result of this fast cooling, the glass surface is 'frozen' in an expanded grid structure whereas the glass inside cools off more slowly, allowing much more shrinkage in the structure. Since they are bound together, the outer surface layer is subjected to compression and the inside to tension...When tempered glass is damaged...the glass breaks into many small, almost regularly shaped pieces wiht no long sharp cutting edges...In office buildings tempered flat glass is used in glass doors, room dividers, elevator glazing, or stairway landings."
Laminated (or compound) safety glass consists of two or more panes (usually float glass) which are joined with a viscous plastic layer. The solid joining of the glasses occurs in a pressurized vessel called an autoclave where under simulataneous heating of the pre-processed 'sandwich' the lamination takes place....When laminated safety glass breaks, the broken pieces of glass stick to the internal tear-resistant plastic layer. The pieces do not break away and the broken sheet remains transparent....Laminated safety glass is used in building windows, where break-in or escape hampering or explosion protection glass is required...It is also used spandrels, in walls, room dividers, and roofs."
Does this help? I'm also attaching a bibliography of information on tempered glass. These are items you can check your local library for, or order through your local library's interlibrary loan department.
There are some websites as well listed on the bibliography, including this one, which has a nice overview of "strengthened" glass.