Last Updated: Sep 19, 2016 Views: 16
Forming glass using a mold dates back to Roman times:
According to Hugh Tait's book Five Thousand Years of Glass, "Mould-blown glassware...seems to have developed along similar lines in both regions [1) Syria, Palestine and Phoenicia; 2) Italy and the west]. A fine earlier group, made for one or two generations after about AD25 when the technique was introduced, consists of jugs, beakers, cups and two-handled bottles of clear yellowish-brown, blue or greenish-colourless glass blown into decorated moulds. They may carry Greek inscriptions, often drinking slogans such as 'your good health' and 'success to you'...." Mould-blown pieces may show a name (Ennion, for example). There is a series of cups or bowls that show chariot races in the Roman arena or gladiators in combat.
"An interesting series of small bottles, jugs and boxes (pyxides) made in three- or four-part moulds have several sides, normally six, decorated with fruit, flowers or other symbols whose meanings are now obscure...."
If you are asking about automated bottle machines, "Michael J. Owens (1859-1923) devised the first commercially successful, fully automatic bottle-making machine in 1903." This link gives more information: http://www.asme.org/Communities/History/Landmarks/Owens_AR_
If you'd like to know more about bottle making, I've added a bibliography for glass machinery.
If you wish to obtain copies of any of these items in our list, please contact your local library. The Rakow Research Library is a member of the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC); your library can contact us through OCLC or they may mail an Interlibrary Loan form to us. You may request up to five items at a time. We send photocopies of articles and microfiche copies of our books (if they have been microfilmed) through Interlibrary Loan for four weeks use.
Please let me know if I can answer other questions.