Last Updated: Jul 19, 2016     Views: 40

The following information is from the Resource on Glass from our website at Glass is a state of matter. Glasses combine some properties of crystals and some of liquids but are distinctly different from both. Glasses have the mechanical rigidity of crystals, but the random disordered arrangement of molecules that characterizes liquids. Glasses are usually formed by melting crystalline materials at very high temperatures. When the melt cools, the atoms are locked into a random (disordered) state before they can form into a perfect crystal arrangement. For more information please review Resource on Glass under the section The Glassy State. You could also visit the British Glass website at . The following text is from their website: What is glass? Glass is a combination of sand and other minerals that are melted together at very high temperatures to form a material that is ideal for a wide range of uses from packaging and construction to fibre optics. A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black glassy type of stone. Man first used this as tips for spears. Today man has mastered the glass-making process and can make many different types of glass in infinitely varied colours formed into a wide range of products. Glass, chemically, is actually more like a liquid, but at room temperature it is so viscous or 'sticky' it looks and feels like a solid. At higher temperatures glass gradually becomes softer and more like a liquid. It is this latter property which allows glass to be poured, blown, pressed and moulded into such a variety of shapes. MG

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