Last Updated: Jul 31, 2017 Views: 33
Catalogue spécial : cristaux de toilette de Baccarat, Printemps, Paris, France, [ca. 1916].
The history of the introduction of machinery for the manufacture of bottles consequently falls into three periods, each of which is characterized by the introduction of a new form of machine:
- From 1898 to 1905, semi-automatic machines, requiring for their effective working skilled workmen, largely displaced hand blowers in the manufacture of wide-mouth ware.
- From 1905 to 1917, the Owens automatic machine, which required only supervision and the amount of whose product was independent of the speed of the watcher, was the chief factor in the displacement of hand blowers and of the skilled operatives of semi-automatic machines. Contemporaneous with the introduction of the Owens was the appearance of semi-automatic machines for making narrow-mouth ware.
- From 1917 to 1924, the trade has again been revolutionized by the introduction of "feed and flow devices" which, while requiring more attention than the Owens machine, produced more ware than the semi-automatics. The attendants, moreover, need not be skilled workers, although (sic) the question of the relative superiority of skilled and unskilled workmen as attendants is still in dispute.
I have given you bibliographies pertaining to bottle manufacturing and machinery, and to the Owens bottle machine. You may also want to look at some of the Lewis Hine photos – I have given you a bibliography on the topic, and we can show you information that we have, but we don’t have any rights for these We have more images of bottle making prior to that time, both in the US and in Europe, but I am guessing those are not of use, and therefore have not pulled them out.
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