Last Updated: Aug 13, 2018     Views: 83

Image: Postcard with caption: Bouteilles sourtant des fours a recuire (bottles coming out of the annealing over) Verreies de Jumet (Jumet, Belgium), ca. 1910. (Photo: Wilmet, Momignies, Belgium). Rakow Library Chambon Collection.

Hello! Thank you for your question. Women have played an important role in glassmaking, though their achievements have often been overshadowed.

Online Resources

The Museum has many great online resources on women in glass.

Our blog has multiple posts featuring women working for Tiffany Studios, including

Other blog posts on female artists include

All About Glass on the Museum website also features an article by Gail Bardhan, retired Reference and Research Librarian at the Rakow Library, called Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women Working With Glass. Flameworkers, cutters, and women in factories are covered, as well as some famous female glass artists and researchers, including 

If you decide to focus on women studio artists and the challenges they faced, you may be interested in this episode of the podcast Glasscaster: Hot Glass Talk in a High-Tech World: "Sally Prasch, One Industrial-Strength Glass Artist!" from November 11, 2007: "One of a handful of female scientific glassblowers ..., [Sally Prasch's] story, struggle and subsequent success in this field makes great listening."

Books and Articles

In terms of print resources, take a look at Lucartha Kohler's book, Women Working in Glass. She covers some historical information as well as featuring some contemporary women artists (by decade). You might also be interested in the following articles:

  • Felt, Tom. “Heisey's Designing Women.” Glass Collector's Digest 6, no. 4 (Dec. 1992/Jan. 1993): 18-24. Notes: Heisey designers, late 1940s-1950s. Periodicals <NK5100.G56>
  • Felt, Tom. “Heisey's Designing Women--Part 2.” Glass Collector's Digest 6, no. 5 (Feb./March 1993): 43-47. Notes: Dorothy Thorpe and Eva Zeisel. Periodicals <NK5100.G56>
  • Hassell, Martha. “The role of women in the Sandwich glass industry.” The Acorn 1 (1990): 1-22. Periodicals <F74.S2.A18>
  • Ninni, Irene. “'L’impiraressa': The Venetian bead stringer.” Beads; Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers 3 (1991): 73-82. Notes: Translation of an 1893 account of methods used by Venetian women bead stringers. Periodicals <NK3650 .B364>
  • Northup, Judy. “Women glass cutters in the brilliant period.” Hobstar 30, no. 1 (Sept. 2007): 4956-4960. Periodicals <NK5112 .H68>
  • Skinner, Orin E. “Women in stained glass.” Stained Glass 35 (Winter 1940): 113-23, and Stained Glass 36 (Spring 1941): 18-25. Notes: 30 American and European women.

Borrowing Library Materials

If you wish to borrow copies of library items, please contact your local library. The Rakow Research Library will lend designated books from its collection and will send copies of articles requested by other libraries. Your library can request items through the OCLC WorldShare Interlibrary Loan (ILL) system or by direct request through email at For more information, please see our ILL policies and procedures.


A more extensive list of resources is available upon request. Please let us know if we can be of further assistance via Ask a Glass Question ( or by email (
or phone (607-438-5300).


Please do not hesitate to contact us in the future with your glass-related questions!





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